The Uniform Civil Code (UCC) Bill in Hindi ushers in a promise of harmony through equality, embodying the essence of Uttarakhand in 2024. Within its framework lies the collective wisdom of approximately 2.5 lakh individuals who lent their voices to the expert committee drafting the code.
This comprehensive code encompasses facets of marriage and divorce, succession laws, penalties, live-in relationships, alimony, and the entitlements under government schemes, among others, reflecting a society evolving towards inclusivity and fairness.
Addressing the questions looming in many minds, let us navigate through 11 pivotal inquiries:
Is there anyone exempt from the Uniform Civil Code’s application?
Traditional rights safeguarded under the Constitution extend to Scheduled Tribes, exempting them from the code’s purview. Additionally, certain categories, such as children and individuals involved in prohibited relationships or property matters, stand outside its scope.
Will residents of Delhi be considered Uttarakhand residents?
The definition of a resident includes Indian citizens residing in or outside Uttarakhand for a year, permanent employees of governmental entities, beneficiaries of state government schemes, or those deemed permanent residents through government notifications.
Can one engage in multiple marriages?
Section 4 of the code stipulates that neither party to a marriage should have a living spouse, with legal age criteria specified. The code respects customary practices while ensuring no party enters a prohibited relationship.
Are there restrictions on marriage customs?
No, the code allows for diverse marriage rituals, encompassing traditions such as Saptapadi, Nikah, sacred bonds, and Anand Karaj.
Is marriage registration mandatory?
Yes, marriages and divorces must be registered within 60 days at the sub-registrar office. Divorces are sanctioned solely through judicial orders, precluding any other form of dissolution.
Will non-compliance lead to imprisonment?
Negligence or deceit may result in three months’ imprisonment or a Rs 25,000 fine, or both. Failure to register incurs a fine, and inaction by the Deputy Registrar may attract a penalty.
Are there penalties for arbitrary divorce?
Stricter provisions under Section 32 mandate imprisonment and fines for violating marriage criteria or divorce laws, reinforcing the code’s sanctity.
Have maintenance rules changed?
Both spouses are entitled to maintenance and alimony, reflecting gender-neutral provisions.
Will non-registration affect government scheme benefits?
Registration is essential to access government scheme benefits, emphasizing the importance of marriage registration.
What are the rules of succession?
Prioritizing specified heirs under different